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HCIE路由交换考试改版后都考什么内容?

发布作者:微思网络   发布时间:2021-06-02   浏览量:0

一直以来我们都非常关注行业的变化,特别是有关华为认证的最新消息,我们都会第一时间通知大家。当然,这次的HCIE改版也不例外。


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1. 新版HCIE认证所有方向均取消了面试,仅保留了笔试和实验。

2. 笔试部分多了填空题和拖拽题,实验部分多了论述题。


从这个小小的变动来看,新版的HCIE认证难度肯定是增强了。不过呢,大家也不要慌哈,扎扎实实学技术总是没错的,只要把技术掌握到位了,还害怕他调整考试形式吗~


与其担心,不如来看看HCIE-Routing & Switching V3.0 考试大纲。做好准备,以不变应万变!

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考试内HCIE-Routing & Switching V3.0 考试覆盖对企业网络的规划、设计、实施、维护、排障、优化、割接等。


笔实验知识点


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笔试知识点



一、 Layer 2 TechnologiesLayer 


STP

1.STP

2.RSTP

3.MSTP

4.Loop guard 5.Root guard 6.BPDU guard

7.TC-BPDU attack guard


VLAN

1.Access port 

2.Trunk port 

3.Hybrid port 

4.QinQ

5.Vlan Aggregation 

6.Mux VLAN

7.Voice VLAN 


Transparent bridge 

1.Local Bridging 

2.Remote Bridging

3.Integrated Bridging and Routing 

4.VLAN ID Transparent Transmission


Link Aggregation, Eth-Trunk and IP-Trunk, Load-balance, LACP

1.Link Aggregation 

2.LACP


Ethernet technologies

1.Speed and duplex

2.Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, 10GE, 40GE,100GE 3.Auto MDI/MDIX

4.Auto negotiation 

5.Storm control

6.Unicast flooding control


Smart link 

DLDP

Switched Port Analyzer (port-mirroring)

CSS/iStack

HDLC/IP-Trunk and PPP/MP 

PPPoE


二、IPv4/v6 Unicast


IPv4 addressing, subnetting, and VLSM 

IPv4 tunneling and GRE

IPv6 addressing

ICMPv6

IPv6 functionality protocols 

Migration techniques 

1.Tunnelling techniques 

2.Translation techniques 


IPv4/v6 OSPF

1.Standard OSPF areas 

2.Stub area

3.Totally stubby area 

4.NSSA

5.Totally NSSA 

6.LSA types

7.Adjacency on a point-to-point and on a multi-access network 

8.Virtual-Link

9.LSA Filter

10.OSPF Fast Convergence

11.Stub Router

12.OSPF Authentication


IPv4/v6 IS-IS

1.NSAP

2.IS-IS Link-state packets 

3.IS-IS area type

4.IS-IS circuit type 

.IS-IS TLV

6.IS-IS DIS and Pseudo node 

7.IS-IS SPF

8.IS-IS LSP

9.IS-IS Metric

10.IS-IS Route Leaking 

11.IS-IS MT

12.IS-IS Fast Convergence 

13.IS-IS LDP Synchronization 

14.IS-IS Authentication 


IPv4/v6 BGP

1.IBGP and EBGP

2.BGP attributes 

3.BGP synchronization

4.BGP routes Summarization 

5.Route Dampening

6.BGP route reflector 

7.BGP Community 

8.BGP Peer Groups 

9.BGP Security

10.Principles of Route Selection


Route Control

1.Filtering

2.IP Prefix list

3.Route Import(redistribution) 

4.Route policy 

5.Summarization 

6.Preference

7.Other advanced features


三、MPLS VPN 

MPLS

1.MPLS network component (P, PE, CE) 

2.MPLS label format

3.MPLS label encapsulation 

4.MPLS  label  stack 

5.MPLS label operation

6.Forwarding Equivalence Class 

7.LDP

8.Label advisement model

9.MPLS LDP—Local Label Allocation Filtering

10.MPLS LDP Inbound/outbound Label Binding Filtering


MPLS Layer 3 VPN


1.MP-IBGP VPNv4 peering 

2.VPN-instance

3.Route Distinguisher 

4.Route Target

5.Route Target import/export 

6.PE-CE–Dynamic Routes 

7.PE-CE–Static Routes

8.Redistributing PE-CE routes into VPNv4 

9.Redistributing VPNv4 routes into PE-CE routing table

10.MCE


Inter-AS MPLS VPN

1.Option A 

2.Option B 

3.Option C


四、IPv4/v6 Multicast


1.Multicast distribution tree 

2.Multicast forwarding 

3.Multicast RPF

4.PIM sparse mode

5.IGMP/MLD

6.IGMP Snooping/MLD Snooping 

7.PIM RP, and BSR

8.Multicast tools, features, and source-specific multicast


五、Network Security


Access lists 

uRPF

IP Source Guard 

AAA

802.1x / NAC 

NAT

1.Static NAT/NAPT 

2.Dynamic NAT/PAT 

3.Easy IP

4.NAT Server 

5.Twice NAT 

6.ALG

7.NAT Mapping

8.NAT Filtering


Device access control 

IPsec

Traffic Suppression 

Local Attack Defense

IP Address Anti-spoofing 

ARP Security

DHCP Security


六、QoS


1.Classification 

2.Traffic Policing 

3.Traffic Shaping

4.Congestion Avoidance

5.Congestion Management


七、Network Management


1.Syslog

2.IP Service Level Agreement SLA 

3.NetStream

4.NQA

5.SNMP

6.FTP

7.Telnet 

8.SSH


八、Feature


1.VRRP

2.VGMP

3.Interface Backup

4.NTP

5.DHCP

6.BFD

7.NSF/GR

8.NSR


九、SDN


1.Strategy of SDN/NFV 

2.SDN architecture 

3.VXLAN

4.EVPN

实验知识


一、Layer 2 Technologies 


STP

1.STP

2.RSTP

3.MSTP

4.Loop guard 

5.Root guard 

6.BPDU guard

7.TC-BPDU attack guard


VLAN

1.Access port 

2.Trunk port 

3.Hybrid port 

4.QinQ

5.Vlan Aggregation 

6.Mux VLAN

7.Voice VLAN 


Transparent bridge 

1.Local Bridging 

2.Remote Bridging

3.Integrated Bridging and Routing 

4.VLAN ID Transparent Transmission


Link Aggregation, Eth-Trunk and IP-Trunk, Load-balance, LACP

1.Link Aggregation

2.LACP


Ethernet technologies


1.Speed and duplex

2.Ethernet, Fast Ethernet, Gigabit Ethernet, 10GE, 40GE, 100GE 

3.Auto MDI/MDIX

4.Auto negotiation 

5.Storm  control 

6.Unicast flooding control 


Smart link

DLDP

Switched Port Analyzer (port-mirroring) 

CSS/iStack

HDLC/IP-Trunk and PPP/MP 

PPPoE


二、IPv4/v6 Unicast


IPv4 addressing, subnet, and VLSM 

IPv4 tunneling and GRE

IPv6 addressing

ICMPv6

IPv6 functionality protocols

 

Migration techniques 

1.Tunnelling techniques 

2.Translation techniques 


IPv4/v6 OSPF

1.Standard OSPF areas

2.Stub area

3.Totally stubby area 

4.NSSA

5.Totally NSSA 

6.LSA types

7.Adjacency on a point-to-point and on a multi-access network 

8.Virtual-Link

9.LSA Filter

10.OSPF Fast Convergence 

11.Stub Router

12.OSPF Authentication


IPv4/v6 IS-IS

1.NSAP

2.IS-IS Link-state packets 3.IS-IS area type

4.IS-IS circuit type 5.IS-IS TLV

6.IS-IS DIS and Pseudo node 7.IS-IS SPF

8.IS-IS LSP

9.IS-IS Metric

10.IS-IS Route Leaking

11.IS-IS MT

12.IS-IS Fast Convergence

13.IS-IS LDP Synchronization 

14.IS-IS Authentication 


IPv4/v6 BGP

1.IBGP and EBGP

2.BGP attributes 

3.BGP synchronization

4.BGP routes Summarization 

5.Route Dampening

6.BGP route reflector 

7.BGP Community 

8.BGP Peer Groups 

9.BGP Security

10.Principles of Route Selection


Route Control

1.Filtering 

2.IP Prefix list

3.Route Import(redistribution) 

4.Route policy 

5.Summarization 

6.Preference

7.Other advanced features


三、MPLS VPN 

MPLS

1.MPLS network component (P, PE, CE) 

2.MPLS label format

3.MPLS label encapsulation 

4.MPLS  label  stack 

5.MPLS label operation

6.Forwarding Equivalence Class 

7.LDP

8.Label advisement model

9.MPLS LDP—Local Label Allocation Filtering

10.MPLS LDP Inbound/outbound Label Binding Filtering


MPLS Layer 3 VPN

1.MP-IBGP VPNv4 peering 

2.VPN-instance

3.Route Distinguisher 

4.Route Target

5.Route Target import/export 

6.PE-CE–Dynamic Routes 

7.PE-CE–Static Routes

8.Redistributing PE-CE routes into VPNv4 

9.Redistributing VPNv4 routes into PE-CE routing table 

10.MCE


Inter-AS MPLS VPN

1.Option A 

2.Option B 

3.Option C


四、IPv4/v6 Multicast


1.Multicast distribution tree 

2.Multicast forwarding 

3.Multicast RPF

4.PIM sparse mode 

5.IGMP/MLD

6.IGMP Snooping/MLD Snooping 

7.PIM RP, and BSR

8.Multicast tools, features, and source-specific multicast


五、Network Security


Access lists 

uRPF

IP Source Guard 

AAA

802.1x / NAC 

NAT

1.Static NAT/NAPT 

2.Dynamic NAT/PAT 

3.Easy IP

4.NAT Server 

5.Twice NAT 

6.ALG

7.NAT Mapping

8.NAT Filtering


Device access control 

IPsec

Traffic Suppression

Local Attack Defense

IP Address Anti-spoofing 

ARP Security

DHCP Security


六、QoS

1.Classification 

2.Traffic Policing 

3.Traffic Shaping

4.Congestion Avoidance

5.Congestion Management、


七、Network Management


1.Syslog

2.IP Service Level Agreement SLA

3.NetStream

4.NQA

5.SNMP

6.FTP

7.Telnet 

8.SSH


八、Feature


1.VRRP

2.VGMP

3.Interface Backup 

4.NTP

5.DHCP

6.BFD

7.NSF/GR

8.NSR


九、Planning/Troubleshoot a Network


1.Planning/Troubleshoot complex Layer 

2 network 2.Planning/Troubleshoot complex Layer 3 network 

3.Planning/Troubleshoot a network in response to application 

4.Planning/Troubleshoot network services 

5.Planning/Troubleshoot network security


请注意


该考试大纲是对考生在拥有多年实际工作经验的前提下进行备考时的补充,不代表 HCIE- Routing & Switching V3.0 考试中不能考查其他知识。该考试大纲代表了我们要求考生至少要掌握的知识,考生必须要能够熟练应用这些知识和相关知识点,才能通过 HCIE- Routing & Switching V3.0 的考核。



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